Posts Tagged ‘dentist newton’
Barodontalgia is a toothache caused by the increase in pressure felt underwater (it can also happen at high altitudes because of low pressure). The condition, which occurs while the person is in the high- or low-pressure environment, is most common in people who have some sort of underlying dental condition, like a cavity or poorly completed filling.
Forty-one percent of respondents of a recent study said they'd experienced dental symptoms while diving. Of those, 42 percent said they'd had barodontalgia. The second-most common symptom was pain from holding the air regulator too tightly (24 percent of those who'd had a dental symptom), and the third-most common problem was jaw pain (22 percent of those who'd had a dental symptom).
Protecting your teeth
Several people reported that a dental crown — a cap that fits over a broken or damaged tooth — had loosened during a dive. One person reported a broken filling. The dry air and awkward position of the jaw while clenching down on the regulator is an interesting mix. Dive instructors reported more pain and problems than casual divers. Instructors spend more time at shallower diving depths, where the changes in pressure are most abrupt.
Divers are required to meet a standard of medical fitness before certification, but there are no dental health prerequisites," according to Dr. Johnson. In the meantime, divers can protect themselves by visiting the dentist before scuba diving to check for decay and other problems.
Original article: http://www.livescience.com Artwork: www.scubadiving.com
Dr. Ryne Johnson, prosthodontist and managing partner at Newton Wellesley Dental Partners has been treating teeth grinding and TMJ therapy for over thirty years. “Many people grind their teeth at night and we used custom-made, hard appliances (with a softer, resilient liner) to lessen the impact of this significant force” says Johnson. “The night guard is designed to absorb the impact and spread the force out over all the teeth instead of allowing it to wear away the enamel”.
What the doctor says: 'If you suspect that you are suffering from Bruxism, it is important to see your dentist who can provide a proper diagnosis”.
“Your dentist will recommend a guard specially made for your teeth to create a protective barrier from friction to prevent increased tooth wear and reduce discomfort of the jaw muscles.”
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The technology doesn't require any special capture equipment outside of the initial scans (the camera on your phone will do). Also, you don't have to purposefully bare your teeth: it can work with the incomplete information from a smile or grimace. A movie crew could generate models based on a brief, natural motion capture session.
This being Disney, the most obvious use is for digital actor models in animated movies and video games. You could see uncannily realistic characters whose details pass muster even in close-up shots. However, there are plenty of medical uses as well. The scientists see dentists using the tech to previsualize a patient's mouth before they sit in the operating chair, and it's easy to imagine this leading to more authentic-looking dentures. As silly as the notion of accurately rendered teeth may be, they could be important for your well-being.
Dr. Johnson feels that this new technology will help the film and media production companies but will not be incorporated into a dental office any time soon. However, he reminds everyone that, “digital dentistry is here and should be a part of your dental reconstructive and implant work”.
Original article: www.engadget.com Artwork: Chenglei Wu, Derek Bradley et. al.
Before the procedure
Dental implants require a strong jaw bone. Patients who have lost a lot of jawbone may need to have a bone graft procedure performed before this procedure. Dr. Johnson will identify the available bone…sometimes with a CT Scan if necessary. In some instances, this can be done BEFORE any teeth are removed (implants may be placed the same day) or AFTER the area has healed from tooth removal (with adequate bone preservation techniques employed at the time of extraction).
You will receive instructions about how to prepare for the day of the procedure. It is highly recommended you quit smoking several months before the procedure as smoking can cause poor osseointegration (poor bone and implant integration), which is the leading cause of implant failure.
The procedure starts with a local anesthetic. This will make the implant site and the area around it completely numb. You will be awake, but you won't be able to feel any pain in that area. You might still feel pressure, vibrations, or some other sensations that might be uncomfortable, but no pain. Some offices offer conscious sedation or partial sedation where you are awake and numb, but "out of it" and mostly unaware of what is going on. Some people describe the feeling as similar to being drunk. Partial sedation is usually more expensive than local anesthetic and is not available at every office.
A dentist applies local anesthetic to a patient's lower jaw. A numbing gel is usually applied so that the patient will not feel the injection.
Preparing the implant site
After the anesthetic has taken effect, the implant site will be prepared and the gums will be retracted so the dentist can access the jawbone and evaluate the implant site. The bone needs to be relatively flat and smooth, and the dentist might use a drill to reshape it.
Drilling the pilot hole
The dentist will then use a series of drills to make a hole in the jawbone for the implant (s)…sometimes a “placement jig” will be fabricated from the CT Scan work up. They will first create a divot using a small round bur, and then a pilot drill to create a pilot hole. They may use a plastic jig prepared from plaster casts to help guide the pilot drill, but this is mostly up to the dentist if they need one. They may also use an alignment pin to make sure the pilot hole is on target. If no adjustments are needed, the pilot hole will be drilled deeper. As the hole is being created, the dentist may flush the area with water or saline to keep the bone cool and prevent overheating caused by drilling. Once the pilot hole is finished they will check its alignment again using the alignment pin. If the positioning of the implant is close to other anatomical structures, such as nerves or blood vessels, they may take an x-ray with the alignment pin in place to check its position.
Finishing the hole
When the pilot hole is finished, the dentist will use a series of increasingly larger drill bits until it's the correct diameter for the implant. The size of the implant will have been chosen ahead of time based on the condition of the bone.Usually, your dentist will want to select the largest implant that your bone can sustain because larger implants distribute their load to the bone better than smaller implants do. Most are about 4 mm in diameter.
After the hole for the implant is finished, the alignment will be checked again using the pin. Then the whole will be threaded using a screw tap to match the threads on the implant. Some implants are self-tapping and don't require this step. Dental implants are roughly the size of the root of a normal tooth.
Placing the implant
Finally, the implant will be placed. This can be done using a special head for the dental drill or using a small hand wrench. Sometimes it is actually done using a small torque wrench. This can cause some unpleasant sensations but skilled surgeons are able to minimize the discomfort. The surgical site will be closed using an implant cap and stitches.
Healing and osseointegration
The stitches will be left in place for 7 to 10 days, after which they will be removed. In some cases, the gum flaps may be stitched so that they cover the implant cap as the site heals and the gum tissue will later be trimmed back when the abutment is placed. The implant will be given 3 to 6 months to osseointegrate (fuse with the bone) before the restoration (consisting of the abutment and crown) is placed.
Note: It is extremely important that you keep the implant area and surrounding teeth clean. Peri-implantitis is a condition that is caused by bacteria infecting the area surrounding an implant and can cause bone loss and implant failure due to poor osseointegration. Some clinics offer "immediate load" implants where a temporary restoration is placed the same day as the implant. This restoration will be removed in the future and a permanent one placed. Not every patient is a candidate for immediate load implants; this is an option you should discuss with your dentist. The treatment will be completed on a second trip, after osseointegration is complete and the abutment and prosthesis is custom-made. Dental implants are made up of three parts; the implant (screw), the abutment (stump), and the crown (tooth).
After the implant has healed and is stable, the definitive restoration can be placed. This can consist of a crown, bridge, or denture. The implant cap (think ‘manhole cover’) is removed and replaced with an abutment and the dental prosthesis is placed on top of it. For most conventional implants, this is a crown that either screws on to the abutment or is cemented in place. Removable restorations like dentures may have clips or snaps of some kind.
After the procedure
Most patients are extremely satisfied after dental implants. After the implant is placed, your dentist will advise you to stick to chewing soft foods while the implant osseointegrates. Immediate load implants will also need time to osseointegrate, and your dentist will tell you when the temporary parts of the implant need to be replaced with a permanent restoration. Patients who have had dental implant surgery say that the pain is mostly a dull ache in their jaw after the anesthetic wears off and it is gone completely within a week. After the final restoration is complete, though, patients are able to treat the prosthetic like a normal tooth and can hardly tell the difference. They look, feel, and can be used just like normal teeth.
Original article: www.medigo.com