In cases where patients exhibit advanced bone loss around teeth and/or in preparation for implant placement, bone grafting is a necessary and valuable procedure performed by a periodontist. A periodontist specializes in the treatment of the supporting structures of a tooth, namely the gum and bone.
When teeth have been missing for a period of time, our bone begins to slowly resorb away, resulting in esthetic and functional issues. Thus, when planning to replace missing teeth with implants, crowns, and bridges, there must be a foundation on which to rebuild, and bone grafting serves as the regenerative procedure to rebuild this missing bone. Imagine building the perfect home on a poor foundation; the house would eventually collapse!
Bone loss can also be present around teeth as a result of periodontal disease, and in certain cases can be regenerated entirely, saving the tooth from potential removal.
Bone grafting is usually a single-day, single-appointment procedure with an extended healing period following to allow for proper healing and regeneration. The bone itself does NOT come from the patient but rather from bone banks that specialize solely in its production. Bone grafting has been performed as a staple periodontal procedure for decades and is very safe and effective with minimal to no risk of infection, and the results set the foundation for the restorative work that follows.
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